Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!


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    Default Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    Hello group , this Zone is a massive ocean of informations !!! Incredible knowledge ressource !!!

    But ! , i find it hard to collect all the data needed to be usefull to my own project type , there is about 3000 different builds so everything is in many directions ! I am a hobbyist and i am not running an industrial company and not having very huge budget for this build .


    Here is my build i am planning . Cartesian CNC router table to work on aluminum , maybe some steel and wood for sure . I am writing a list of the categories i am searching and have some opinions to confirm if i am searching for good targets ., would help !



    --HGR20mm linear rail guides and ballscrews SFU-1605 to build a 1000mm X 1600mm *************** are on their way right now**************



    --Shopping for a 3-4kW ATC spindle and VFD , i reallllly want automatic tool changer , now what i find wont ever cost under 2000$USD , this hurts , but wondering how many watts should i look for milling aluminum ? 2.2 - 2.5 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6kW ???



    --The step drivers , direct driving the SFU-1605 ballscrews , now thinking about NEMA 34 6N.m 850ozf.in Closed loop , would it be enough power or too much ? is the accuracy good enough direct driving a sfu1605 ? would it worth using geared 3:1 to add the steps/mm to add precision of the movements and get more smoothness of the curves BUTwill slow down the whole traveling , acceleration , more high pitch motor noisy and rise the price . If geared would be usefull could we take a big power NEMA23 geared that would output probably as much torque of NEMA34 but more steps per mm ? i am having trouble to see the best choices , i also see steppers in different installations ways , Direct , Pulleys timing belts Ratios , what would be the good choices ? Right now planning the direct driven ballscrews and NEMA34 , opinions ?




    - The motion controller ! Confused about a few different types ! I am now using my Craftex Mill/Drill i converted to CNC with Mach3 and Smoothstepper to control the drivers. I see there is an interesting controller but i have lots of questions ....

    [COLOR=var(--ytd-video-primary-info-renderer-title-color, var(--yt-spec-text-primary))]CNC Controller DDCSV1.1[/COLOR]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ivxcOnEBBM&index=19&t=0s&list=PLSEbLVUjHRwBqkkV0paAGyAwqDple5Yag

    Controller Questions:

    1- Is it doing the whole 100% job from the USB drive toolpath G-Code but maybe can't connect to a computer to get the g-code files directly from the computer and you have to take the USB drive from the machine , shove it in the computer , save the toolpath , remove from the computer , shove it in the controller , open , select file.... sounds like its been developped 20 years ago ?

    2- Is there a way to connect this to a computer and combine the physical DDCS controller and controlling with a computer software like running quick wizards like in Mach3 to do anything like holes patterns , bore sized hole , manual G-Code , quick automatic zeroing tool changes , monitoring everything and playing with tons of settings options or it is 100% enclosed and can't fiddle with anything?

    3- I can see there is a bunch of other controllers ... Centroid Acorn CNC , MASSO , Smoothstepper Mach3 , Pokeys , UCCNC , etc , even Arduino .... i am now using Smoothstepper ESS (ethernet) on my small mill/drill CNCed . The Smoothstepper cost me 200$ and is connected to the cheap breakout board that came with the steppers/drivers kit from ebay . I can see the prices range go from 30$ to 2000$ , it is hard to know what would be easy to use , to setup , behavior , potentially do a digitizing probing , get enough switches and add-ons connected and controlled by it AND satisfaction.... And for software i only tried MACH3 in my life so i dont know how the other ones are better of worst and if MACH3 can control any controllers ..


    I am having LOTS of questions at the start of this project , opinions would me very appreciated !!

    thanks for reading



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    Forget about a router for steel.By the time you have reduced the spindle speed to something suitable there won't be any torque.Its a simple calculation torqueXspeed =power.On the other hand you seem to be specifying colossal amounts of torque for you axis drives-will you be moving the table or gantry using ballscrews,rack and pinion or other means?Because in all these systems there are factors that might multiply the torque inputs.There is even a phone app to calculate the force generated.



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    well , i am not totally knowing yet how much weight is gonna be in the gantry but this build here is very exciting me and this is the type of category i am preparing the plans . Zeeflyboy's build looks like an amazing build !!! such Por-no!! It is looking pretty overkill build and he is overskilled ! i am reading lots of stuff but in hiw thread but it is impressive and he seems like he have a great budget


    https://www.cnczone.com/forums/diy-c...28752-cnc.html



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    This machining of steel on a router is wishful thinking in my opinion. You will never come close to even an import mill drill much less a Bridgeport. Yes it is possible to do some machining and engraving of steel but you will be so limited in capability that it isn't even worth considering in my mind. Even high quality engraving is hard to do well on most DIY router builds.
    i
    As for the rest of your post, in my opinion you are going at this a bit backwards. It is far better to define the machines size and basic mechanical structure first and then work on the controls. For one we don't even know if you are doing moving table or moving gantry here. If the machine isn't too large there are some advantages to a moving table design for a machine focused on aluminum and other more difficult material. Once you have a good idea of what you are moving you can concentrate on fight sizing the servos or steppers.

    As for the motion controllers well that is an area of rapid flux and as such I can't really tell you what to go with. Probably the most professional solution is Centroids followed closely by LinuxCNC. The rest are under development. In the end what you want to achieve are significant factors in your choice.

    By the way running larger router spindles requires a significant AC supply, you can't plug those larger units into a 20 amp wall outlet.



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    Well , steel is not priority for me , i still have the Mill/Drill that is probably more rigid than a router and can keep the lower rpm range for it.

    The size of the machine is gonna follow the lenghts of the rails/ballscrews so 1000x1600mm but i already know the working surface is a bit smaller .

    I am starting this build to be able to do production of aluminum parts i am designing and it is the main goal. My mill/drill is limited to a 6"x18" table surface and there is a whole lot of things i cant produce.

    Yes my questions can be deep but this would help me orient my building well before hitting troubles of planning.


    Soooo , if it is direct driven 1605 ballscrews would it bring more precision with geared stepper or it wouldnt help anyway? Probably pros and cons



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    --The step drivers , direct driving the SFU-1605 ballscrews , now thinking about NEMA 34 6N.m 850ozf.in Closed loop , would it be enough power or too much ?
    You've already made a big mistake by using 1605 screws. They require high rpm to get high speeds, which is difficult with steppers. And the larger the stepper, the slower they'll be. You'll probably get the best performance from 1605 screws with small Nema 34 motors, ~450oz-in, with a rating of ±6 amps.

    Soooo , if it is direct driven 1605 ballscrews would it bring more precision with geared stepper or it wouldnt help anyway? Probably pros and cons
    1605 will give you plenty of precision. Geared steppers are not a good choice, as they have a lot of backlash. Driving the screw with a belt is a much better option. IF anything, you want to gear it so you have less resolution, and more speed, by spinning the screw faster, and the motor slower.



    Controller Questions: (DDCSV1.1)
    1) The purpose of a controller like this is to eliminate the need for the PC. Many people see this as a benefit, even though it is much more limiting Imo.
    2) No, it's a standalone control, no PC. If you need the features a PC provides, then there's no reason to use a control like this.

    3) Choice of control software is a matter of personal preference, and feature requirements. The only way to know which you prefer is to try them. Unfortunately, you can't try most without purchasing them.
    Mach3 can only use controllers specifically designed for Mach3. The ESS is one of the best for Mach3, and is by far the most popular.


    Gerry

    UCCNC 2017 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2017.html

    Mach3 2010 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2010.html

    JointCAM - CNC Dovetails & Box Joints
    http://www.g-forcecnc.com/jointcam.html

    (Note: The opinions expressed in this post are my own and are not necessarily those of CNCzone and its management)


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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    oh ! this is good opinions and explanations ! Thank you it is helping !

    so SFU-1605 are enough precise so no need at all for geared steps , one question cleared :-)

    so for nemas 34 , every oz.in values rising makes them stronger but slower everytime because the core is heavier built to give more torque ? Thanks for the oz.in suggestion i was not really knowing what the table would need , helps me aim to the correct choice ! so around 450oz.in ! second cleared question :-)

    So , allright will keep the ESS and Mach3 ,will not ask me to learn every damn new bits , no standalone controller limited . 3rd question cleared !

    Thanks , i never built a full machine so i was into an ocean of choices with no experience in this build. i did convert my benchtop Mill/Drill but is not having any linear bearings (actually added HGR20 rails on my router table parts order to convert it to bearing linears! ) ,now very big flat mechanical slides and is running nema34 1250 oz-in . This is my first cnc conversion and i maybe took too much power just thinking it would never fail but didnt knew they would probably slow the motions and being louder .



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    i am having a small question on the Steppers choice ... i understand the torque i got suggested 450oz-in would be good enough but should i take 450oz-in NEMA 23 instead of NEMA 34 ? is there a difference in between them? if no difference , probbly a NEMA23 kit is probably gonna be cheaper and less weight and lower shipping fees , am i right?



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    I would go with the Nema 34, like these.
    https://www.automationtechnologiesin...or-dual-shaft/

    For good performance, you need motors with a high current rating, like these, at 6 amps. It's important to use high quality drives to get the best performance.

    Gerry

    UCCNC 2017 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2017.html

    Mach3 2010 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2010.html

    JointCAM - CNC Dovetails & Box Joints
    http://www.g-forcecnc.com/jointcam.html

    (Note: The opinions expressed in this post are my own and are not necessarily those of CNCzone and its management)


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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    well , the 465oz-in and the 1200oz-in are at 6 amps , what is the 6amps rate telling ?


    here in the Nema23 closed loop 570oz-in is telling 5A and it is the same price of the Nema34 465oz-in 6A
    https://www.automationtechnologiesin...0-50-4b-cable/



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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    Allright !! linear motion parts got in !!!


    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-linear4-jpg



    there is 10 rails . using 6 rails for the table and i ordered a small set to upgrade my mill/drill X-Y

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-linear2-jpg

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-milldrill3-jpg

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-milldrill1-jpg




    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-ballscrews1-jpg


    i am actually playing with quotations software with different aluminum extrusion profiles and it is in USD$ , i can see the price of the whole frame is totally changing fast and i am not totally sure i need what kind of profile , stiffness i need , light or heavy-duty etc...
    i am now thinking of building a steel table top who would be stiff and straight who would cost a lot less money but i am a bit scared of building a warped plane table because welding pulls a bit on the angles . Would add extrusions on the steel table but would need smaller and light profiles .

    And yes probably someone is gonna find the Y axis longer than the X axis , making a long carriage but will be more accessible working surface for me

    About 1500$ 80x160 and 80x80 light profile

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-heavy-jpg


    About 1000$ 80x160 C-Beam , 40x80mm carriage/gantry and 40x40 for the surface
    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-c-beam-jpg

    About 700$ for 80x80 , 40x160 for the gantry , 40x40 table surface holder

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-8080-jpg

    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-linear4-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-linear2-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-ballscrews1-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-heavy-jpg  

    Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-8080-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-c-beam-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-milldrill3-jpg   Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!-milldrill1-jpg  

    Last edited by Letomoto; 12-20-2018 at 03:07 PM.


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    Default Re: Some advices for my CNC router build = Appreciating!

    For a given motor size, the motor with higher current will usually be faster.
    Say you have three 450 oz motors.
    1 Rated 2 amps, 1 rated 4 amps, and one rated 6 amps. The 6 amp motor will have the most torque at higher speeds, which will make your machine faster.

    Now, if you have three motors all rated 6 amps, 1 at 450oz, 1 at 960oz, and one at 1200 oz, then the smallest motor will be the fastest.

    Look at the inductance. The lower the inductance, the better. The 465 oz Nema 34 ha an inductance of 1.65mH. The 570oz Nema 23 has an inductance of 2.5mH.
    With the 570oz motor, the torque drops off rapidly above 400 rpm. With the 465oz, it drops off much more gradually, with the 465oz motor being more powerful once you get over 500RPM.

    Gerry

    UCCNC 2017 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2017.html

    Mach3 2010 Screenset
    http://www.thecncwoodworker.com/2010.html

    JointCAM - CNC Dovetails & Box Joints
    http://www.g-forcecnc.com/jointcam.html

    (Note: The opinions expressed in this post are my own and are not necessarily those of CNCzone and its management)


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