A smallish canister vacuum cleaner (second hand?) can work if you confine the region of generation.
i.e. put an acrylic hoop around the work zone. The smaller the better. and put another hose to vent the outflow outdoors.
You must think of air extraction as volume and pressure. (State side units, not SI ;-)
"suction" is usually indicated in units of inches of water. 32 feet of water is one atmosphere or about 14.5 psi. it only takes a few inches to move a lot of air.
the volume gets to be an issue. CFM cubic feet per minute. A big slow turning floor fan will shove a lot of air out an open doorway, but you can't duct the fan inlet or outlet and expect good performance. Wrong kind of blades for that.
So, pick the correct type of fan, and use it accordingly.
Those import woodworkers dust collectors can be had for around $100 . Hard to beat.